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Trafficking in Persons


Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others.This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage,or the extraction of organs or tissues,including for surrogacy and ova removal.Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.

Human trafficking represented an estimated $31.6 billion of international trade per annum in 2010. Human trafficking is thought to be one of the fastest-growing activities of trans-national criminal organizations.

Human trafficking is condemned as a violation of human rights by Africa Prosecutors Association.


Trafficking in persons is a complex global problem that requires an informed prosecutorial response. It is an evolving crime with the criminal networks, forms and methods of trafficking and trafficking routes changing constantly.

Prosecutors have a key role to play in combating trafficking and it is important that they can obtain the information that will enable them to provide an effective response. It is essential that prosecutors are able to communicate with each other, exchange knowledge and share best practice.

And whereas, we as African prosecutors recognize the need to:

TIPP has been designed to support prosecutors by providing a forum where can obtain information, make contacts, view training, guidance and best practice enabling them to resolve problems. Its aim is to provide a network for prosecutors and that can enable them to obtain to answer their questions and improve prosecutions.

  1. create speedy and efficient mutual assistance and asset tracking;
  2. share expertise through common training and the development of best practices;
  3. provide for adequate and harmonized legislative measures;
  4. enhance African initiative for purpose of co-operation and information sharing.

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Trafficking in persons Manual